Text: Wang Hongen (Assistant Professor, Department of Political Science, University of Nevada, Las Vegas) Recently, due to Russia's invasion of Ukraine, Taiwanese people have greatly increased their national defense-related discussions, and various countries have also paid attention to Taiwan's national defense status. In the relevant discussions, in addition to constantly updating the imagination of the development direction of national defense with the situation in Ukraine, whether to extend the conscription and training content has also been discussed. But in this discussion, there is a completely different imaginary direction: "Just call the U.S. military to station the troops." This argument holds that if the U.S. military is willing to station in Taiwan, Taiwan does not need to spend money to support the military, buy weapons, and research and develop.
You can focus your money on economic development and social welfare. At the same time, another group of people shouted that if the US military did not come, they were ready to surrender to the other side. If the PLA was stationed in Taiwan, Taiwan would not have to spend money and could save the national treasury. No matter how you look at it, it seems that as long as you don't pay the military costs yourself, you will save money. But is it really that simple? In fact, political scientists have discussed this issue with a lot of empirical data, Photo Restoration
but in fact the impact on foreign troops is more complex in level and content. Having U.S. troops stationed will increase the country's economic growth First, in terms of merit, past research, using data from 1960 to 2014, found that when the U.S. is stationed in a country, the presence and consumption of U.S. troops will mostly lead to direct economic growth in that country. in that country . It will also indirectly cause American businessmen to feel that these locations are safer because of the presence of the US military, so more American businesses will start to invest. In addition to the increase in the overall economy,
several political scientists also sent out questionnaires in 14 countries with U.S. troops stationed in the country, asking people about their experience of interacting with the U.S. military in person and in economic exchanges, and found that interaction with the U.S. military and economic gains will directly improve local people's perception of the United States. positive feelings . These are the benefits of direct U.S. military presence. However, economic growth is not the same as making money and saving money. When a country hands over its defense to other countries and transfers its defense budget to other budget lines, politicians often want to talk about spending a little more elsewhere, as if they're going to eat a lot after exercising - and the end result is government spending There has been a huge increase in ineffective investment, and this is the moral hazard generated by the US endorsement. RTX2GZRR
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